President Donald Trump – whose public admiration of former President Andrew Jackson is well-known and evident by the portrait he keeps of the 7th president in the Oval Office – said in an interview on Monday that he believed Jackson could have prevented the Civil War.
Trump’s analysis quickly drew criticism for its apparent historical illiteracy about Jackson’s life and tenure in the White House or the causes of the Civil War. So let’s consider it our patriotic duty to help the president know at least five actual things about Andrew Jackson:
1. Andrew Jackson died on June 8, 1845, at his plantation in the slave state of Tennessee.
Trump had told Zita: “I mean, had Andrew Jackson been a little bit later, you wouldn’t have had the Civil War.” Most crit
iques of Trump’s quote snarkily point out that Jackson couldn’t have stopped the Civil War because it started about 16 years after he died.
But let’s give Trump the benefit of the doubt and assume he meant, “Had Jackson been born later, he could’ve stopped the Civil War.” That, however, brings us to the next point: Jackson fiercely supported a strong union and central government. How much? To the point of preparing military action against South Carolina in 1832.
2. Jackson once dispatched Navy warships into Charleston Harbor to put a stop to talk of secession.
The Nullication Crisis of 1828 arose when Congress passed high tariffs designed to protect Northern industry, but Southern planters believed the taxes ultimately hurt their cotton trade. When the South Carolina Legislature voted to nullify the federal tax as well as a subsequent lowering of the tariffs in 1832, Jackson sent Navy ships into Charleston and threatened to hang anyone working to support nullification or secession. His vice president, John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, soon resigned to become his state’s U.S. senator.
Based on Jackson’s history in office, and the additional crises that erupted between North and South over the next 30 years, it’s unlikely Jackson would have been able or would have even wanted to stop the Civil War.
3. Jackson was nicknamed “Old Hickory” because he was as tough as the wood that they used to beat people with.
Trump said of Jackson: “He was a very tough person, but he had a big heart.” The Native Americans he evicted from their tribal homelands in Florida and Georgia would tell a different story. After Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act of 1830 into law, more than 45,000 Native Americans were relocated to the West during his administration.
4. Jackson hated the Electoral College.
Although Trump continues to trumpet his own electoral college win, his idol Jackson repeatedly lobbied Congress to abolish the Electoral College, likely because of the “corrupt bargain” struck during the election of 1824 that denied him the presidency in his first run for the White House. Jackson had won the popular vote, but he didn’t have a majority in electoral votes in the race with John Quincy Adams. The election was thrown to the U.S. House led by Speaker Henry Clay. Jackson lost the vote, and President-elect Adams made Clay his secretary of state. Jackson was elected president outright in 1828 with 56 percent of the popular vote.
5. In one of his last acts as president, Jackson formally recognized the Republic of Texas.
But Jackson held off on recognizing the Republic of Texas, which had legalized slavery, until after the election of 1836 to increase the chances that his vice president, Martin Van Buren, would win. Jackson wanted to avoid making slavery a bigger issue in the 1836 campaign, so Jackson didn’t recognize Texas until the last full day of his presidency, March 3, 1837.
Before the interview with the Washington Examiner’s Salena Zito even aired on SiriusXM satellite radio, a partial transcript highlighting the Jackson quote appeared online, courtesy of Politico correspondent Edward-Issac Dovere on Twitter.
Here's Trump's full answer on "swashbuckler" Andrew Jackson and the Civil War: "Why could that one not have been worked out?" pic.twitter.com/Zb8OQaDqyq
The U.S. Navy destroyers, USS Porter and the USS Ross fired 59 Tomahawk missiles late Thursday that targeted the airstrips, hangars, control tower and ammunition areas of a Syrian military air base that U.S. officials believe launched a chemical attack that killed dozens of civilians this week.
The U.S. Navy posted this footage of missile launches from the Porter on YouTube:
The Navy has since posted more footage from the Porter here and even more here. It turns out, some of the ship’s other interesting exploits are available online, too.
The Porter, an Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer, is the fifth Navy ship to be named after Commodore David Porter and his son Admiral David Dixon Porter. The ship’s home port is at Naval Station Rota in Spain and is assigned to the Navy’s Sixth Fleet, which patrols the Mediterranean Sea.
The ship had launched its long-range missiles into Syria from a position in the eastern Mediterranean, but the Porter’s patrol areas also have extended into the Black Sea, where just two months ago in February, Russian fighter jets buzzed the ship.
The Porter also made headlines nearly 5 years ago when a collision with a Japanese oil tanker in the Arabian Gulf near the Strait of Hormuz and damaged its superstructure. No one was reported injured, but the Navy replaced the Porter‘s captain, Cmdr. Martin Arriola with Cmdr. Dave Richardson.
The crew of the Porter, led by the ship’s first female skipper, Cmdr. Andria L. Slough, opened up the ship to cameras for a video tour:
Texas ranks 15th on a recent online list measuring the impact of immigrants on state economies.
California ranked first overall on the list, compiled by WalletHub and based off of qualities such as “median household income of foreign-born population” and “jobs generated by immigrant-owned businesses as a share of total jobs.”
Texas ranked high in several categories, like the percentage of foreign-born STEM workers out of the entire state’s population (6th) and in the share of foreign-born population and the share of foreign-born members of the workforce (both ranked 7th).
A census report by the nonprofit group, which has spent decades monitoring hate groups and extremists in the United States, said the number of hate groups operating in 2016 rose to 917, which was up from 892 the previous year.
The Daily Stormer, which the SPLC lists as a neo-Nazi group
Power of Prophecy, a fundamentalist Christian group the SPLC has accused of being anti-Semitic
Southern National Congress, which is listed by the SPLC as a neo-Confederate group
the Nation of Islam, which the SPLC considers to be a black separatist group
The SPLC report cited Donald Trump’s successful bid for the White House as a factor in energizing radical right-wing groups and fostering anti-Muslim speech and vandalism.
“The increase in anti-Muslim hate was fueled by Trump’s incendiary rhetoric, including his campaign pledge to bar Muslims from entering the United States,” a statement from the SPLC on Wednesday said.
“The growth has been accompanied by a rash of crimes targeting Muslims, including an arson that destroyed a mosque in Victoria, Texas, just hours after the Trump administration announced an executive order suspending travel from some predominantly Muslim countries,” the statement said.
The SPLC also said it measured a “near-tripling” of anti-Muslim hate groups, from 34 such groups in 2015 to 101 last year.
The New York Times reported that the changing of the @-handle (that most sacred of inaugural traditions) occurred almost immediately after the swearing-in kicked off. NBC News has reported that the president plans to continue using his @RealDonaldTrump account as his personal mode of social communication.
“Many on Twitter noted that when the @Potus account was unveiled with Mr. Trump’s picture, it bore as its cover photo a stock image that was taken at Mr. Obama’s first inauguration. The photo was quickly changed, to a zoomed-in stock photo of an enormous American flag.”
The first Trump-era tweet from @POTUS? A transcript of his inaugural address.
Hillary Clinton? Donald Trump? This Austin homeowner has decided neither candidate is right for them and instead is spreading the word to vote for a local hero.
Willie Nelson, hometown hero and leader of the hippies and rednecks and everyone in between, has been unofficially campaigning for years now. There’s even a whole section on his website devoted to “Willie For President” merch, which is where it appears this homeowner found this sign.
There’s even a “Willie for President” mural in Austin.
While America waits to find out whether the next president of the United States will be Hillary Clinton or Donald Trump, follow along as the American-Statesman blogs Election Night results and big stories from around the nation.
Update 2 a.m.: Donald Trump just gave his victory speech. He opened by announcing he had received a concession call from Hillary Clinton: “She fought very hard. Hillary has worked very long and hard over a longer period of time and we owe her a major debt of gratitude for her service.”
He said he wanted to “bind the wounds” of the country: “To all republicans and Democrats across this nation, I say it is time for us to come together as one united people. I pledge to every citizen of our land to be the president for all Americans, and this is so important to me.”
“Ours was not a campaign but an incredible and great movement,” he says.
He says he will rebuild the country’s infrastructure and “take care of — finally — our great veterans.”
He speaks of great economic growth and that “we will get along with every nation willing to get along with us.”
“We must reclaim our country’s destiny and dream big and bold and daring,” he says.
“While we will always put America’s interests first, we will deal fairly with everyone,” he says, in an address to the “world community.”
“This political stuff is nasty and it’s tough,” he says, in thanks to his family for standing by him. He singles out current and former politicians Rudy Giuliani and Chris Christie and Jeff Sessions and Ben Carson and Mike Huckabee for their help, as well as generals that have endorsed him.
Update 1:40 a.m.: Hillary Clinton called Donald Trump to concede the election.
Update 1:35 a.m.: In the most stunning political upset in recent political history — and arguably in American history — Donald J. Trump has been elected president.
Update 1:15 a.m.: Clinton campaign chairman John Podesta appeared at the Javits Convention Center to announce that Hillary Clinton would not be making a speech tonight.
Meanwhile, other results have come in: Roy Blunt, a Republican, was reelected to the U.S. Senate from Missouri. Recreational marijuana has also been approved in Nevada. One interesting question is whether Texas lawmakers will consider medical marijuana legislation next session — or kick it over to voters.
Update 12:30 a.m.: A run-down of some interesting state-by-state results: Voters in California and Massachusetts approved legalizing recreational marijuana. Florida, North Dakota and Arkansas voters approved medical use of marijuana.
Republican Gov. Pat McCrory remains in a tight reelection fight with Democratic challenger Roy Cooper.
U.S. Sen. Pat Toomey, R-Penn., was reelected. Tight senate races remain in Missouri, Nevada, and New Hampshire, but Democrats will not re-take the U.S. Senate.
Update 12:15 a.m.: The presidential race has not yet been called, but Trump looks like a lock now. The remaining suspense is now about the tone of Trump’s likely victory speech and Clinton’s likely concession speech.
Update 11:30 p.m.: After weeks of questions of vote rigging and fears of voter intimidation, the Associated Press claims no widespread evidence of either.
But at least one Texas man was reportedly arrested on suspicion of voter-related fraud. The man, who authorities say was caught trying to vote more than once, claimed to work for Trump, according to authorities. The Fort Bend Sheriff’s Office say he claimed he was testing the system.
Update 11 p.m.: One way to see this result is as a rebuke of President Obama’s vision of the country. On the campaign trail he hammered at the idea that a vote for Hillary Clinton would be a vote for a diverse, progressive America; again and again, he was fond of saying that he has “faith” in America to deliver on that promise. Hard to imagine that this result doesn’t shake Obama’s view of the country, or his faith in it. His former advisor, David Axelrod, had this to say on CNN: “This was a primal scream.”
Update 10:30 p.m.: In keeping with a tough night for Democrats, former U.S. Sen. Russ Feingold, D-Wis., lost his effort to beat Republican Ron Johnson in the U.S. Senate race in Wisconsin. Liz Cheney, daughter of former vice-president Dick Cheney, won her race to become U.S. Rep. from Wyoming. And Californians have voted to legalize recreational use of marijuana in that state.
Update 10:10 p.m.: According to CNN, Trump has won North Carolina, another contested swing state.
Now take a look at gritty Manchester in New Hampshire to get a good snapshot of how the election is going: Obama won that area by 11 points in 2012; Clinton is winning by six points. In other words, Clinton is not running up the score in the urban areas to offset Trump’s appeal to white working class-men across the country. It’s looking like a lot is going to depend on turnout in urban areas in Michigan (Detroit’s Wayne County, for example), and Milwaukee in Wisconsin — and Clinton’s margins in those areas.
Update 9:50 p.m.: One thing everyone can agree on: Polls, which have proliferated in recent years, were way off the mark, with professional prognosticators badly embarrassed.
Veteran political operative: No pollster's likely voter model caught this, this is a huge polling failure even if Clinton ultimately wins.
Update 9:30 p.m.: The Trump train keeps charging ahead: He has now won Ohio. Meanwhile, Clinton has won about 80 percent of the vote in Philadelphia — as triumphant as that might sound to Clinton supporters, it’s actually not as strong as her campaign would have liked. In other words, Pennsylvania is very much in play.
Meanwhile, Republican Richard Burr has held off Deborah Ross in the race for U.S. Senate in North Carolina, making it unlikely Dems will retake the U.S. Senate.
Update 9:15 p.m.: Jitters all over, with Dow Futures down nearly 500 points at the prospect of a Trump victory. “People in Brooklyn, (their) fingers are probably bleeding because there are no more nails to bite,” says Dana Bash of CNN.
Update 9 p.m.: Views on the returns are, of course, diverging widely.
Update 8:45 p.m.: The vote count suggest a “credible path to the White House” for Trump, says Jake Tapper on CNN. At the very least, “not the repudiation of Trump and Trumpism” that establishment Republicans had hoped for. And not that it was ever in doubt, but Republicans have managed to maintain control of the U.S. House.
Update 8:35 p.m.: Anxiety is setting in among Democrats, with close results in key swing states.
Massive freakout setting in among Democrats I know. Long night ahead still, but the possibility of a Trump win can't be ruled out.
Update 8:30 p.m.: The state of play is this: Trump holds leads in counted votes in Ohio and Florida; the question is whether Clinton can pick up enough votes in Democrat-heavy areas like Broward County. For your viewing pleasure, ballot reviews from 2000 in Broward County:
Update, 8:05 p.m.: AP calls Texas for Donald Trump. Clinton, meanwhile, takes New York.
Update, 7:50 p.m.: In an important win for Republicans in their efforts to hold the U.S. Senate, Todd Young defeated Democrat Evan Bayh. The Republicans had sensed opportunity despite the luster the Bayh family name has had in Indiana.
Update, 7:30 p.m.: Democrat Tammy Duckworth, in a not particularly surprising result, has knocked off incumbent U.S. Sen. Mark Kirk, marking the first pick-up for Democrats of the evening. Kirk had tried to distance himself from Trump, to no avail. Kirk did himself no favors by awkwardly attacking Duckworth’s heritage in a debate. (Duckworth’s father side has had soldiers in the American military dating to the Revolutionary War; her mother is Thai.)
Update, 7:15 p.m.: The AP is calling reelection for U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio; Democrat Hillary Clinton has won Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, Delaware and the District of Columbia while Republican Donald Trump has captured Oklahoma.
Update, 7 p.m.: “A woman will be elected president probably in my lifetime,” Bill Clinton told Tom Brokaw in 1993, with Hillary Clinton as an onlooker, via NBC.
Update, 6:50 p.m.: A mariachi band has begun playing music outside Trump Tower.
And NBC News has confirmed that former Texas governor or former president George W. Bush and wife Laura Bush did not cast a vote for president. Earlier reports had former president George H.W. Bush voting for Hillary Clinton.
Update, 6:35 p.m.: U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., up for reelection, is currently running ten points ahead of Trump in some key Democratic areas of Florida. One of the keys to understanding this election will be how much daylight Republican candidates in tight races are able to distance themselves from the controversial campaign of Donald Trump. Republican pollster Frank Luntz makes this observation:
Memo to Republicans and Republican pollsters: Tonight will look more like 2012 than 2004.#ElectionNight
Update, 6:05 p.m.: If newfangled voting aggregation program Votecastr is to be believed, Clinton holds a lead across swing states. Meanwhile, and not particularly surprisingly, the AP has called Vermont for Clinton and Kentucky and Indiana for Trump.
“The responsibility for calling races rests with experienced staff in each state. They are armed with on-the-ground knowledge that no other national news organization can match. Plus, they have information on demographics, absentee and other voting history and political issues that may affect the outcome of races they must call. On election night, they are assisted by experts in AP’s Washington bureau who examine exit poll numbers and votes as they are counted. A ‘decision desk’ in Washington, headed by the Washington bureau chief, has the final signoff on all top-of-the-ticket calls.”
Update, 5:20 p.m.: As we get ready for polls to close, here’s a quick refresher on how the all-important Electoral College works:
Neighbors said they haven’t seen the owner in a while and no one seems to know who is responsible for the word. It’s also unclear whether the cut grass is supposed to be a prank or a show of support of Trump.
Not that they were the only wacky thing to come out of Monday’s events. To name a few, there was Donald Trump’s concert-like entrance on stage as “We Are the Champions” played, Stephen Colbert crashed the stage while dressed like a “Hunger Games” character and Melania Trump was accused of plagiarizing Michelle Obama’s 2008 speech.